Tracking Research: Protective effect of salicylic acid on Hg0 intoxication in mice
Elemental mercury (Hg0) is a hazardous metal with significant human exposure through diverse sources. In this study, the role of salicylic acid (SA) was assessed against Hg0-induced injury in mice, with the aim of screening alternative clinical drugs to prevent or treat Hg0 poisoning. An exposure to Hg0 (1.0 mg/m3 in a glass box) for 2 h per day for successive 15 d significantly increased Hg accumulation in mouse brain and lung, inhibited the animal growth and altered the neurobehavior such as impairing the spatial learning and memory in the Barnes maze test. However, although oral SA (5.5 mg/kg body weight) during the Hg0 exposure did not reduce the Hg levels in these organs, it effectively counteracted the Hg0-induced growth inhibition, and improved the behavioral performance, accompanied by a series of ameliorations in the antioxidative defense and anti-inflammatory response. For instance, when compared with control, Hg0-inhaled animals had significant decreases in the activities of superoxide dismutase and peroxidase, and in the levels of reduced form of glutathione and the ratio to its oxidized form, concomitantly with a high accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde in the brain and lung. However, these values in Hg0 + SA-exposed animals were comparable with the basal levels in control. Likewise, interleukin-6 in the brain and lung of Hg0-exposed animals were dramatically elevated, whereas it was maintained to the basal level in Hg0 + SA-exposed animals. These data suggested that application of SA could protect mice against Hg0-induced injury.
C Ma, D Xie, L Huang, L Sun, Q Xu, G Li
Read More: to Hg 0 (1.0 mg/m 3 in a glass box) for 2 h per day for successive 15 d significantly
increased Hg accumulation in mouse brain and lung, inhibited the animal growth and altered
the neurobehavior such as impairing the spatial learning and memory in the Barnes maze ...