Longitudinal behavioral changes in the APP/PS1 transgenic Alzheimer's Disease model
Latest Paper by Sherry A. Ferguson, , Sumit Sarkar, Larry C. Schmued
Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, 3900 NCTR Road, Jefferson, AR 72079, United States
The APP/PS1 double transgenic mouse is an Alzheimer's Disease-like model. However, cognitive deficits measured at one age do not necessarily indicate age-related progressions. Further, results of the most widely used behavioral assessment, water maze performance, are generally limited to 1–2 endpoints. Here, male APP/PS1 and noncarrier wildtypes (n = 11/group) were assessed at 7–15 months of age for water maze, open field, and motor coordination performance. Body weights and motor coordination were comparable for both groups throughout. Beginning at approximately 9 months of age, the transgenic group exhibited hypoactivity in the open field which continued throughout. Latency to locate the platform and swim path length were longer in the transgenic group; however, these appeared to be more related to increased floating and thigmotactic behavior and only partially related to a cognitive impairment. Age-related decrements in performance were not substantial; however, substantial plaque numbers were measured in six representative 16-month-old transgenic mice. The stability of water maze performance may be related to the longitudinal testing and repetitive experience, which previous research has demonstrated can confer beneficial effects on behavior and plaque deposition in transgenic Alzheimer's Disease models. These results emphasize the importance of measuring multiple water maze endpoints and demonstrate the feasibility of longitudinal assessments in this model.